Malawi is a land-locked country, bordered to the north and northeast by the United Republic of Tanzania; to the east, south, and southwest by the People’s Republic of Mozambique; and to the west and northwest by the Republic of Zambia. Almost all of Malawi’s water resources are transboundary. Ninety-four percent of the country is located within the Zambezi Basin. The country’s largest water complex – the Lake Malawi-Shire River Basin – is shared with Malawi’s neighbors, Tanzania and Mozambique. The Songwe River, which forms the border between the Malawi and Tanzania in northern Malawi. Lake Chiuta is shared between Malawi and Mozambique, and Lake Chilwa’s wetlands cross those same borders. The management of these water resources requires co-operation with the other riparian states.
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